Lesson 1- Introduction to Alcohol

SASKATCHEWAN CURRICULUM

Understanding, Skills and Confidences (USC)

Outcome USC9.6

Analyze the health, economic, and social supports and challenges of addictions (e.g., tobacco, shopping, alcohol, gambling, Internet, drugs) on self, family, community, and the environment.

Indicators

(a) Evaluate personal knowledge in terms of what is known and what needs to be learned about addictions.

(b) Determine situations where youth may feel pressured/tempted to smoke, chew tobacco, drink, gamble, or use drugs.

(c) Evaluate and respond to sources of, and information about, addictions.

(e) Examine possible consequences of addictions on the health of self, family, and community.


Decision Making (DM)

Outcome DM9.10

Assess the role of health promotion in making healthy decisions related to comprehensive approaches to safety, non-curable infection/diseases, romantic relationships, healthy food policies, addictions, tragic death and suicide, chronic illness, and sexual health.

Indicators

(a) Discuss the role of health promotion in decision making.

Materials:

Computer

Projector or SMART Board

AEP Pre-test – one for each student

K-W-L Chart – one for each student

Activity:

Time: 75-90 minutes

Start with AEP Pre-test Questions

Have students complete the first two sections of the K-W-L on their own – allow two-three minutes

Prezi – Introduction to Alcohol

Under Student Zone, go to Alcohol Prezi and click Start Prezi.

If you have problems, you can also click on 'Alcohol on Prezi' on the bottom left of the page.

On the bottom right of the screen with “Alcohol” in the middle click on “More” and choose “Full Screen”

It will then go to the full screen – you can now either choose “Autoplay” from the “More” button, use a clicker to advance the presentation, or push the forward arrow on the SMART Board or with the mouse.

Go through the prezi with the students – please stop after each section and discuss the content with the students


Additional information to share with your students when presenting the “Alcohol” Prezi:


Blacking Out vs. Passing Out

Blacking Out

When someone experiences a blackout they are really experiencing an episode of anterograde amnesia. This type of amnesia interferes with your brain’s ability to form new memories leading to a partial or complete inability to recall the recent past.

http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh27-2/186-196.htm

Passing Out

Alcohol is a depressant, which means that it slows down the body’s function including heart rate, blood pressure and breathing rate. Once these functions, along with brain function, slow down to a point that could be fatal, the body response by “passing out” so no further damage can be done.

How can you tell the difference between someone who is passed out and someone who has alcohol poisoning?

If they are suffering from alcohol poisoning the person may be unconscious but cannot be awakened. If you try to wake your friend up and they do not respond check to see if they have cold, clammy, unusually pale or bluish skin. Check their breathing also. If they are breathing slowly or irregularly -- less than eight times a minute -- or ten seconds or more between any two breaths, they are in trouble. Another sign is if they vomit while passed out and do not wake up during or after vomiting

Alcohol Poisoning

IMPORTANT POINT TO SHARE WITH YOUR STUDENTS!

If you fall asleep or pass out, your body continues to absorb the alcohol you drank up to that point


Standard Drink

Cold shot – similar to standard beer (slightly stronger)

Difference = typically shot-gunned (drank as fast as possible)

Colt 45 – equal to approximately 3.5 beers (in volume)

Equal to approximately 4.5 standard drinks (alcohol content)

Increases chances of binge drinking due to the size of the bottle

King Cans – commonly 720 ml

1 king can = 2 beers or 2 standard drinks

Mini Kegs – Heineken, Molson Canadian, Rickard’s Red…

Commonly sold in 5L mini kegs at 5% alcohol

5000 ml = 14 beer


Energy Drinks

Health Canada has not approved the sale of any pre-mixed alcoholic energy drinks for sale

Side effects like rapid heart and increases in blood pressure have been reported. Health Canada cautions that energy drinks should NOT be mixed with alcohol and no more than 500 mL be consumed in one day

500 ml = 1 Rockstar, Monster and Full Throttle

500 ml = 2 Red Bull

1 Jag Bomb (Jagermeister & Red Bull) = 0.5 can of Red Bull (125 mL)

1 Cherry Bomb (Cherry Vodka & Red Bull) = 1.0 can of Red Bull (250 mL)


Important Facts

Consuming five or more beverages in one night can affect brain and body activities for up to three days.

Two consecutive nights of drinking five or more beverages can affect brain and body activities for up to five days.

Lesson 1

K-W-L Name: ______________________

You have three minutes to complete the following K-W-L on your own, please. On your marks…get set…go!

K

(What I already KNOW)

W

(What I WANT to learn)

L

(What I LEARNED)

 

 

 

 

 


      

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